The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established in the executive branch as an independent agency pursuant to Reorganization Plan #3 of 1970, effective December 2, 1970. The EPA was created to permit coordinated and effective governmental action on behalf of the environment. The EPA endeavors to abate and control pollution systematically, by proper integration of a variety of research, monitoring, standard setting, and enforcement activities.
As a complement to its other activities, EPA coordinates and supports research and anti-pollution activities by State and local governments, private and public groups, individuals, and educational institutions. The EPA also reinforces efforts among other Federal agencies with respect to the impact of their operations on the environment, and it is specifically charged with making public its written comments on environmental impact statements and with publishing its determinations when those hold that a proposal is unsatisfactory from the standpoint of public health or welfare or environmental quality. In all, EPA is designed to serve as the public's advocate for a livable environment.
The EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs is responsible for protecting the public health and environment from dangerous and toxic pesticides (e.g., insecticides and weedkillers) as well as pest control. Automotive vehicle emissions that do mot meet EPA standards may also be recalled by the FDA.