Sodium Hydroxide

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Modified on 2009/10/14 21:37 by admin
At room temperature, sodium hydroxide is a white crystalline odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the air. It is a manufactured substance. When dissolved in water or neutralized with acid it liberates substantial heat, which may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials. Sodium hydroxide is very corrosive. It is generally used as a solid or a 50% solution. Other common names include caustic soda and lye.

Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps, rayon, paper, explosives, dyestuffs, and petroleum products. It is also used in processing cotton fabric, laundering and bleaching, metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating, and electrolytic extracting. It is commonly present in commercial drain and oven cleaners.

Sodium hydroxide is a manufactured chemical. It is present in several domestic cleaning products. Very low levels can produce irritation of the skin and eyes. Exposure to the solid or concentrated liquid can cause severe burns in the eyes, skin, and gastrointestinal tract which may ultimately lead to death. This substance has been found in at least 49 of the 1,585 National Priorities List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

See a doctor if you have been harmed by this substance. In addition, it may be important to contact an attorney who can help you protect your legal rights. Please keep in mind that there may be timelimits within which you must commence suit.

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See Also

  1. Toxic & Hazardous Substances
  2. Anaphylactic Shock: Overview
  3. Blindness
  4. Burns: Overview
  5. Digestive Disorders: Overview
  6. Ear, Nose, & Throat Disorders
  7. Eye Disorders
  8. Intestinal Perforation: Overview
  9. Lung & Airway Disorders
  10. Skin Disorders: Overview
  11. Sodium Hydroxide: Frequently Asked Questions
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