Hydrogen Chloride

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Modified on 2009/10/14 21:51 by admin
At room temperature, hydrogen chloride is a colorless to slightly yellow, corrosive, nonflammable gas that is heavier than air and has a strong irritating odor. On exposure to air, hydrogen chloride forms dense white corrosive vapors. Hydrogen chloride can be released from volcanoes. Hydrogen chloride has many uses, including cleaning, pickling, electroplating metals, tanning leather, and refining and producing a wide variety of products. Hydrogen chloride can be formed during the burning of many plastics. Upon contact with water, it forms hydrochloric acid. Both hydrogen chloride and hydrochloric acid are corrosive. People working in occupations in which hydrogen chloride is used have the highest risk of being exposed to this compound. Exposure of the general population is minimal. Hydrogen chloride gas can cause irritation of the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. Exposure to high levels can result in corrosive damage to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tissues, and could lead to pulmonary edema and even death in extreme cases. This substance has been found in at least 63 of the 1,585 National Priorities List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

See a doctor if you have been harmed by this substance. In addition, it may be important to contact an attorney who can help you protect your legal rights. Please keep in mind that there may be timelimits within which you must commence suit.

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Source: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

See Also

  1. Toxic & Hazardous Substances
  2. Digestive Disorders: Overview
  3. Ear, Nose, & Throat Disorders
  4. Eye Disorders
  5. Lung & Airway Disorders
  6. Skin Disorders: Overview
  7. Hydrogen Chloride: Frequently Asked Questions
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