Endometriosis: Overview

Modified on 2009/10/14 21:49 by admin
Approximately 10-15% of women of childbearing age suffer from endometriosis. However, the disease does not only affect women of childbearing age, endometriosis can also affect teenagers and young girls in rare cases.

Endometriosis is a progressive disease that begins when the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrial tissue) is carried outside of the uterus to another area of the body. Endometrial tissue may be found in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, intestines, ureters, bladder, vagina and elsewhere. Since the wayward endometrial tissue reacts to the same hormones that the uterus does, it may bleed and become irritated during menstruation.

The most notable symptom of endometriosis is pain. Chronic pelvic pain can occur and menstruation and intercourse can be very painful. There are a myriad of symptoms associated with endometriosis and they vary between individuals. Some women who have very minor cases of endometriosis may experience extreme symptoms while others with severe endometriosis may experience no symptoms. Endometriosis is a leading cause of infertility.

The only way for a doctor to diagnose endometriosis is through surgery. While doctors are unable to cure endometriosis, they are able to control the pain associated with the condition. Therapies range from surgery to medications or a combination of both.

Some studies have linked the use of dental sealants (applied to teeth to prevent cavities and tooth decay) with endometriosis and an increased risk of breast cancer. However, the American Dental Association maintains that dental sealants are safe.

See Also

  1. Reproductive System: Overview
  2. Dental Sealants: Overview
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