construction industry safety and accident information injuryboard
image source: istockphoto
The construction industry
is one of the most dangerous fields to work in. According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH), 15.2 workers per 100,000 are killed every year. That makes construction the third most dangerous industry behind mining
The construction industry employs 6% of all the workers in the United States. Fatalities in this field account for 20% of all deaths though. With buildings and roads constantly being built, maintained and remodeled in this country there is a large need for employees. Over 9 million people work in this field.
The top causes of these deaths
are falls, electrocution, being struck by a falling object, motor vehicle crashes
, and machines. Dozens of construction workers are injured every day and many of these injuries could be prevented with proper training and the right safety equipment.Deaths from falls
are the number one cause of construction accident fatalities. An average of 540 people die in falls every year. Falls from buildings account for the majority of deaths. The second cause of death is falls from scaffolds
. If there is a drop of six feet from one level to the next and there is no guardrail, then a safety harness or safety net should be in use. Electrocution
is another construction hazard. Many workers come into contact with electricity every day as part of their job. Injuries can occur if workers are not given proper safety training or if they are unaware of potential hazards. An estimated 700 electrocutions occur every year in the construction industry. Motor vehicle crashes
are also a hazard to construction workers. The failure of drivers to obey road construction zone speed limits and crashes within work zones are responsible for many injuries and fatalities. Statistics show that around 1380 construction workers die every year in motor vehicle accidents
on highways. On average one person dies every day after being hit by a motor vehicle. Injuries also occur off site as well when workers are driving to and from the construction site.
Construction Injury Prevention
Be informed. Proper job training is the beginning to prevent any injury or death. It is the responsibility of employers to offer this training. Employees should also take initiative for their own safety and make sure they have been trained on any equipment or safety procedures they need to use.
. Safety equipment is essential to staying safe on any construction site. Dangerous machines, hazardous chemicals, and working at high heights are all things that are encountered every day. All safety equipment should be inspected regularly and replaced when worn. Proper training on the use of the equipment should be given.Plenty of sleep. Lack of sleep can have the same affect on reflexes as alcohol consumption. It can impair concentration and put construction workers at risk. Not getting 7-8 hours of sleep each night could be responsible for 18% of all worksite accidents.
. The highest number of injuries in the workplace comes from workers who lift heavy items and do not use proper techniques. Review any training material offered by your employer for methods to safely lift items. There may be equipment to assist you or enlist the assistance of a coworker. Avoid repetitive motion.
Repeated motions throughout the day can cause stress and strain. It is important to take frequent breaks.
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